Carl Jung said that a mandala symbolises “a safe refuge of inner reconciliation and wholeness.” It is “a synthesis of distinctive elements in a unified scheme representing the basic nature of existence.” Jung used the mandala for his own personal growth and wrote about his experiences.
Mandalas are geometric patterns that are related to forces or aspects of consciousness.They are used extensively in certain types of Buddhist and yogic meditation. A typical mandala has a center and four directions.
Ernst Chladni performed many experiments with Sound, his most important work, for which he is sometimes labeled the father of acoustics, included research on vibrating plates and mandalas painted (with sand) on them by the specific frequencies. Different patterns emerge in the excitatory medium depending on the geometry of the plate and the driving frequency.
Hans Jenny could be named his successor in so far as to research the corresponding subject matter and as a first person quoting the term “cymatics”, the phenomenon of modal vibrations, or the inherent vibrations of the material objects.